When to visit

Berlin is a year-round destination, getting busiest May-Oct and Dec. Key events include Carnival of Cultures (May) with a parade and music, Berlin Pride Celebration (Jun) and the Bierfestival. In Nov and Dec, Berlin has Christmas Markets and a New Year’s Eve street party by the Brandenburg Gate. Fall and winter (Oct-Mar) in Berlin can be gray with rain, sleet and snow.




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Top spots

1- Brandenburg Gate

About: The Brandenburg Gate is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, built on the orders of Prussian king Frederick William II after the successful restoration of order during the early Batavian Revolution. One of the best-known landmarks of Germany, it was built on the site of a former city gate that marked the start of the road from Berlin to the town of Brandenburg an der Havel, which used to be capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg. It is located in the western part of the city centre of Berlin within Mitte, at the junction of Unter den Linden and Ebertstraße, immediately west of the Pariser Platz. One block to the north stands the Reichstag building, which houses the German parliament (Bundestag). The gate is the monumental entry to Unter den Linden, the renowned boulevard of linden trees, which led directly to the royal City Palace of the Prussian monarchs. Throughout its existence, the Brandenburg Gate was often a site for major historical events and is today considered not only as a symbol of the tumultuous history of Europe and Germany, but also of European unity and peace.

Address: Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin, Germany

2- Reichstag building

Reichstag building

About: The Reichstag is a historic edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Imperial Diet of the German Empire. It was opened in 1894 and housed the Diet until 1933, when it was severely damaged after being set on fire. After World War II, the building fell into disuse; the parliament of the German Democratic Republic met in the Palast der Republik in East Berlin, while the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany (the Bundestag) met in the Bundeshaus in Bonn. The ruined building was made safe against the elements and partially refurbished in the 1960s, but no attempt at full restoration was made until after German reunification on 3 October 1990, when it underwent a reconstruction led by architect Norman Foster. After its completion in 1999, it once again became the meeting place of the German parliament: the modern Bundestag. The term Reichstag, when used to connote a diet, dates back to the Holy Roman Empire. The building was built for the Diet of the German Empire, which was succeeded by the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic.

Address: Platz der Republik 1, 11011 Berlin, Germany

Opening hours: Wednesday 8AM–12AM Thursday 8AM–12AM Friday 8AM–12AM Saturday 8AM–12AM Sunday 8AM–12AM Monday 8AM–12AM Tuesday 8AM–12AM

3- Museum Island

About: Museum Island is the name of the northern half of an island in the Spree river in the central Mitte district of Berlin, Germany, the site of the old city of Cölln.

4- Alexanderplatz

About: Alexanderplatz is a large public square and transport hub in the central Mitte district of Berlin, near the Fernsehturm. Berliners often call it simply Alex, referring to a larger neighbourhood stretching from Mollstraße in the northeast to Spandauer Straße and the Rotes Rathaus in the southwest.

Address: 10178 Berlin, Germany

5- Checkpoint Charlie

About: Checkpoint Charlie was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wallcrossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War (1947–1991). East German leader Walter Ulbricht agitated and maneuvered to get the Soviet Union’s permission to construct the Berlin Wall in 1961 to stop Eastern Bloc emigration and defection westward through the Soviet border system, preventing escape across the city sector border from communist East Berlin into West Berlin. Checkpoint Charlie became a symbol of the Cold War, representing the separation of East and West. Soviet and American tanks briefly faced each other at the location during the Berlin Crisis of 1961. After the dissolution of the Eastern Bloc and the reunification of Germany, the building at Checkpoint Charlie became a tourist attraction. It is now located in the Allied Museum in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin.

Address: Friedrichstraße 43-45, 10117 Berlin, Germany

6- Potsdamer Platz

About:Potsdamer Platz is an important public square and traffic intersection in the centre of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag, and close to the southeast corner of the Tiergarten park. It is named after the city of Potsdam, some 25 km (16 mi) to the south west, and marks the point where the old road from Potsdam passed through the city wall of Berlin at the Potsdam Gate. After developing within the space of little over a century from an intersection of rural thoroughfares into the most bustling traffic intersection in Europe, it was totally laid to waste during World War II and then left desolate during the Cold War era when the Berlin Wall bisected its former location. Since German reunification, Potsdamer Platz has been the site of major redevelopment projects.

Address:  Potsdamer Platz, 10785 Berlin, Germany

7- Fernsehturm

About: TThe Fernsehturm is a television tower in central Berlin, Germany

Address: Panoramastraße 1A, 10178 Berlin, Germany

Opening hours: Wednesday 9AM–12AM Thursday 9AM–12AM Friday 9AM–12AM Saturday 9AM–12AM Sunday 9AM–12AM Monday 9AM–12AM Tuesday 9AM–12AM

8- Berlin Cathedral

About: Berlin Cathedral is the short name for the Evangelical Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Museum Island in the Mitte borough. The current building was finished in 1905 and is a major work of Historicist architecture of the “Kaiserzeit”. The Dom is the parish church of the congregation Gemeinde der Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin, a member of the umbrella organisation Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia. The Berlin Cathedral has never been a cathedral in the actual sense of that term since it has never been the seat of a bishop. The bishop of the Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg (under this name 1945–2003) is based at St. Mary’s Church and Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin.

Address: Am Lustgarten, 10178 Berlin, Germany

9- Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church

About:  The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church is a Protestant church affiliated with the Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia, a regional body of the Evangelical Church in Germany. It is located in Berlin on the Kurfürstendamm in the centre of the Breitscheidplatz. The original church on the site was built in the 1890s. It was badly damaged in a bombing raid in 1943. The present building, which consists of a church with an attached foyer and a separate belfry with an attached chapel, was built between 1959 and 1963. The damaged spire of the old church has been retained and its ground floor has been made into a memorial hall. The Memorial Church today is a famous landmark of western Berlin, and is nicknamed by Berliners “der hohle Zahn”, meaning “the hollow tooth”.

Address: Breitscheidplatz, 10789 Berlin, Germany

10- Kurfürstendamm

About: The Kurfürstendamm is one of the most famous avenues in Berlin. The street takes its name from the former Kurfürsten of Brandenburg. This very broad, long boulevard can be considered the Champs-Élysées of Berlin—lined with shops, houses, hotels and restaurants. In particular, many fashion designers have their shops there, as well as several car manufacturers’ show rooms.

Need to know

Currency: Euro


Call 110 for the police, and 112 for fire or ambulance services

Hospitals and urgent care centers

Many of Berlin’s hospitals have 24-hour emergency wards, the most central being:

– Charité (university hospital)

– Vivantes Klinikum Am Urban

– St. Hedwig-Krankenhaus Berlin


Most pharmacies in Berlin close around 6 PM, though each neighborhood will have a pharmacy offering an emergency service. Pharmaceutical purchases made outside standard opening times may incur extra costs..


Visitors within the European Economic Area (EEA) may be covered for treatment with a valid European Health Insurance Card.


On Arrival From & to Tegel Airport: Berlin Tegel Airport (TXL) is 8km northwest of the center. There are no direct train services to the city center but the bus is a convenient, cheap option. A taxi or ride service is more expensive but will take you directly to where you’re going..

Public transport: 

Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) oversees the city’s public transport system, which includes the U-Bahn and S-Bahn urban rail systems, regional train services, a tramway system and a bus network.

Tickets are interchangeable for all public transport modes except regional trains, and are valid for a set period of time. Children between 6 and 14 travel at a reduced ticket price. Children under 6 years of age and traveling with a ticket holder do not require a ticket.

The BVG website has detailed schedules and trip planning information.


Once in central Berlin, there’s little need for a car. It’s cheaper and quicker to use the public transport network, even for day trips to Wannsee and Potsdam (by S-Bahn). If you do drive, Berlin is generally easy to navigate, thanks to clear signage and the ring road. Also, vehicles entering the city center’s designated environmental zone must have a sticker identifying their pollutant group.

Pay and display parking in the city center costs around €3.00 per hour Monday–Saturday. Few machines accept credit cards, so it’s useful to have some change handy. Clearly display your ticket on the dash.

Driving is on the right in Berlin, passing is on the left.


A taxi costs roughly €25–€30 from Tegel and takes 10–20 minutes. Taxi ranks are in the inner ring of Terminal A at Gates 6–9 and outside Terminals C and E.

On Foot

Berlin is a very walkable city, but major sites are quite spread out so you may want to factor in some public transport. Areas that are ideal for exploring on foot include Charlottenburg in western Berlin and Prenzlauer Berg to the north.

By bike

Berlin is a very bike-friendly city, with an extensive network of dedicated cycle paths. Most S-Bahn and U-Bahn trains have front and/or back compartments for cyclists, but you do need to buy a special ticket for your bike. Avoid trying to take your bike on a train during morning or afternoon peak hours.

There are many places to rent a bike in Berlin including several bike share programs. These include nextbike, Donkey Republic and Lidl Bike, all of which have apps as well. You can register online or at stations with a rental terminals. Rates start at about €1 for every 30 minutes, with a maximum of around €10 for 24 hours.

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